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This study is a phase II, multicenter, randomized and comparative study designed to evaluate whether the combination of hypofractionated stereotactic radiation therapy with the anti-PD-L1 Durvalumab in patients with brain metastases from NSCLC (Non-Small-Cell Lung Carcinoma) improves brain tumor control compared to hypofractionated stereotactic radiation therapy alone. Patients will be assigned in one of the two following arms: - Arm A (control arm): radiotherapy alone - Arm B (Experimental arm): combined treatment radiotherapy with anti-PD-L1 durvalumab Total duration of treatment will be 12 months (at maximum in the...
This is a multicenter, interventional, prospective study among breast cancer patients with a suspicion of metastatic meningitis. The current study aims to assess the use of proteomic profile issued from cerebrospinal fluid microvesicles for diagnosis of leptomeningeal metastases.
Radio(chemo)therapy is the standard therapy for both, brain tumors and brain metastases. Neurological decline is observed in these patients and tumor progression or radiotherapy side effects have been made responsible for this. However CMV encephalitis may also be a reason. Therefore the investigators aim to analyze the CMV status in patients during and after radio(chemo)therapy. It will be checked by CMV-DNA (PCR analysis) and CMV antibodies (IgG and IgM ELISA) in the blood of the patients. These findings will be correlated with changes in the brain, visualized by MRI. In addition a detailed immunophenotyping in the peripheral blood will...
This is an open-label Phase 3 study to see if ANG1005 can prolong survival compared to a Physician Best Choice control in HER2-negative breast cancer patients with newly diagnosed leptomeningeal disease and previously treated brain metastases.
To provide DFMO in an expanded use setting to subjects with relapsed rare tumors with increased LIN28 expression or MYCN amplification or up regulation of ornithine decarboxylase.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate patients with glioblastoma that is MGMT-unmethylated (the MGMT gene is not altered by a chemical change). Patients will receive Nivolumab every two weeks in addition to radiation therapy, and then every four weeks. They will be compared to patients receiving standard therapy with temozolomide in addition to radiation therapy.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate patients with glioblastoma that is MGMT-methylated (the MGMT gene is altered by a chemical change). Patients will receive temozolomide plus radiation therapy. They will be compared to patients receiving nivolumab in addition to temozolomide plus radiation therapy.
The study is designed to use infusion of a non-radioactive, naturally occurring isotope of glucose (13C) in patients undergoing surgical resection for a newly identified brain mass to obtain the metabolic phenotype of the tumor, and correlate it with the histopathological diagnosis. In each patient, 13C NMR spectral analysis of tumor extracts will be obtained after intraoperative infusion of [U-13C]glucose or [1,2-13C]glucose. Whenever feasible, patients will undergo 3 preoperative imaging studies - 18FDG-PET, diffusion tensor imaging with 1H-spectroscopy on 3T MR scanner, and ultra high resolution MR imaging on the 7T MR scanner. The...
This research study is studying targeted immunotherapies as a possible treatment for recurrent meningioma. The names of the study interventions involved in this study are nivolumab and ipilimumab.
This is a multicenter, randomized open-label Phase 2 study to assess the safety, efficacy and pharmacokinetic (PK) of 2 dosing regimens of encorafenib + binimetinib combination in patients with BRAFV600-mutant melanoma with brain metastasis. Approximately 100 patients will be enrolled, including 9 patients in a Safety Lead-in of the high-dose treatment arm. After a Screening Period, treatment will be administered in 28-day cycles and will continue until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, withdrawal of consent, start of subsequent anticancer therapy, death.