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The primary purpose of this study is to compare the positive rate between the cell-free DNA and cytological examination of cerebrospinal fluid in Advanced lung cancer with leptomeningeal metastases.
Whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) has long been a practical and effective therapeutic modality for various settings of management in radiation oncology. For example, the indications for WBRT should include brain metastasis or metastases, the setting of prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) used mainly for patients with limited-stage small cell lung cancer, and even some patients with extensive-stage small cell lung cancer. The rationales for WBRT are essentially based on that it can target both microscopic and gross intracranial disease. In addition to providing rapid alleviation of neurologic symptoms and enhanced intracranial disease...
By utilizing fitness trackers, this study aims to demonstrate that a simple walking program improves patients' ability to tolerate curative concurrent chemoradiotherapy without treatment interruption.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a diagnostic study that makes pictures of organs of the body using magnetic field and radio frequency pulses that can not be felt. The purpose of this study is to determine if new imaging methods can help tumor evaluation in the brain. The extra images will be obtained using diffusion and perfusion MRI techniques to assess early treatment response in patients with brain metastasis, and will be compared to methods currently being used.
Purpose of the study: AIM 1 Prospectively collect pre-operative (fMRI, DTI, MEG) and intra-operative mapping data in patients with intra-axial brain tumors to assess how well each modality predicts the location of eloquent brain function. In addition, each modality will be compared with the other. AIM 2 Assess reorganization of eloquent brain function and plasticity in patients with intra-axial brain tumors. This will be accomplished by prospectively collecting post-operative mapping studies and neuropsychological tests to compare them to prior mapping studies as stated above.
Purpose of Study This exploratory clinical study will investigate FMISO (fluoromisonidazole) in patients with (1) newly diagnosed primary malignant brain tumors (WHO [World Health Organization] Grade III or IV glial-based tumors) who have not had a complete surgical resection and by contrast MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging) have residual tumor > 1.0 cm in diameter and will be receiving radiotherapy or (2) newly diagnosed brain metastasis (> 1.0 cm in diameter who will be receiving radiotherapy. The ability to accurately assess tumor hypoxia and accurately determine the amount/degree of tumor hypoxia could potentially change patient...
This study is trying to learn and understand if the chemotherapy drug called carboplatin works as well as the standard therapy. The standard therapy for Low Grade Glioma (LGG) in children and young adults is using a combination of carboplatin and vincristine. Studies in children have shown that the use of carboplatin alone has promise of being just as effective for treating LGG as standard therapy. Additionally, this study will try to understand if treatment with carboplatin alone is associated with an improved quality of life for LGG patients and their families.
This study will evaluate the safety of BXQ-350 and determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) in children and young adults with relapsed solid tumors, including recurrent malignant brain tumors. All patients will receive BXQ-350 by intravenous (IV) infusion. The study is divided into two parts: Part 1 will enroll patients at increasing dose levels of BXQ-350 in order to determine the MTD. Part 2 will use the MTD to further assess the safety of BXQ-350 as well as preliminary anti-tumor activity.
This Phase 3, open-label, triple arm study aims to evaluate the overall survival (OS) of fotemustine versus the combination of ipilimumab and fotemustine or the combination of Ipilimumab and nivolumab in patients with metastatic melanoma with brain metastasis.
This is an open-label, sequential dose exploration study of single agent EEDVSMit administered by intravenous (IV) infusion twice weekly, followed by weekly maintenance dosing, in children with recurrent/refractory solid or CNS tumours.