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By utilizing fitness trackers, this study aims to demonstrate that a simple walking program improves patients' ability to tolerate curative concurrent chemoradiotherapy without treatment interruption.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a diagnostic study that makes pictures of organs of the body using magnetic field and radio frequency pulses that can not be felt. The purpose of this study is to determine if new imaging methods can help tumor evaluation in the brain. The extra images will be obtained using diffusion and perfusion MRI techniques to assess early treatment response in patients with brain metastasis, and will be compared to methods currently being used.
Purpose of the study: AIM 1 Prospectively collect pre-operative (fMRI, DTI, MEG) and intra-operative mapping data in patients with intra-axial brain tumors to assess how well each modality predicts the location of eloquent brain function. In addition, each modality will be compared with the other. AIM 2 Assess reorganization of eloquent brain function and plasticity in patients with intra-axial brain tumors. This will be accomplished by prospectively collecting post-operative mapping studies and neuropsychological tests to compare them to prior mapping studies as stated above.
Purpose of Study This exploratory clinical study will investigate FMISO (fluoromisonidazole) in patients with (1) newly diagnosed primary malignant brain tumors (WHO [World Health Organization] Grade III or IV glial-based tumors) who have not had a complete surgical resection and by contrast MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging) have residual tumor > 1.0 cm in diameter and will be receiving radiotherapy or (2) newly diagnosed brain metastasis (> 1.0 cm in diameter who will be receiving radiotherapy. The ability to accurately assess tumor hypoxia and accurately determine the amount/degree of tumor hypoxia could potentially change patient...
This study is trying to learn and understand if the chemotherapy drug called carboplatin works as well as the standard therapy. The standard therapy for Low Grade Glioma (LGG) in children and young adults is using a combination of carboplatin and vincristine. Studies in children have shown that the use of carboplatin alone has promise of being just as effective for treating LGG as standard therapy. Additionally, this study will try to understand if treatment with carboplatin alone is associated with an improved quality of life for LGG patients and their families.
This study is a phase II, multicenter, randomized and comparative study designed to evaluate whether the combination of hypofractionated stereotactic radiation therapy with the anti-PD-L1 Durvalumab in patients with brain metastases from NSCLC (Non-Small-Cell Lung Carcinoma) improves brain tumor control compared to hypofractionated stereotactic radiation therapy alone. Patients will be assigned in one of the two following arms: - Arm A (control arm): radiotherapy alone - Arm B (Experimental arm): combined treatment radiotherapy with anti-PD-L1 durvalumab Total duration of treatment will be 12 months (at maximum in the...
The study's purpose is to see if the drug abemaciclib is safe and effective in combination with temozolomide and irinotecan (Part A) and abemaciclib in combination with temozolomide (Part B) in pediatric and young adult participants with relapsed/refractory solid tumors.
This study is being done for the following reasons: The study has two parts. The purpose of the first part (Phase I) of the study is to find out the highest dose of Afatinib that can be given safely with T-DM1. The purpose of the second part of the study (Phase II) is to find out whether the dose of Afatinib with T-DM1 determined in Phase I will keep breast cancer from getting worse for a period of time.
This is an open-label, sequential dose exploration study of single agent EEDVSMit administered by intravenous (IV) infusion twice weekly, followed by weekly maintenance dosing, in children with recurrent/refractory solid or CNS tumours.
In this study, the investigators are testing improvement in survival outcomes in DIPG patients when stratified with MR perfusion score and treated with the said protocol. Newly diagnosed DIPG patients will undergo MRI perfusion study in addition to the usual MRI at diagnosis and will be stratified into hyperperfused or hypoperfused tumours. The hyperperfused patients will receive additional low dose Bevacizumab weekly with conventional standard radiotherapy. The hypo-perfused patients will receive ultra-low-dose radiotherapy fractionation equivalent to conventional RT biological dose.