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This trial gathers information from patients with primary central nervous system or base of skull tumors that receive proton beam therapy and see if certain imaging techniques can help detect radiation-related changes over time. This study may help providers learn more about proton beam radiotherapy and how to improve the way it is delivered.
Purpose of Study This exploratory clinical study will investigate FMISO (fluoromisonidazole) in patients with (1) newly diagnosed primary malignant brain tumors (WHO [World Health Organization] Grade III or IV glial-based tumors) who have not had a complete surgical resection and by contrast MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging) have residual tumor > 1.0 cm in diameter and will be receiving radiotherapy or (2) newly diagnosed brain metastasis (> 1.0 cm in diameter who will be receiving radiotherapy. The ability to accurately assess tumor hypoxia and accurately determine the amount/degree of tumor hypoxia could potentially change patient...
This study is a phase II, multicenter, randomized and comparative study designed to evaluate whether the combination of hypofractionated stereotactic radiation therapy with the anti-PD-L1 Durvalumab in patients with brain metastases from NSCLC (Non-Small-Cell Lung Carcinoma) improves brain tumor control compared to hypofractionated stereotactic radiation therapy alone. Patients will be assigned in one of the two following arms: - Arm A (control arm): radiotherapy alone - Arm B (Experimental arm): combined treatment radiotherapy with anti-PD-L1 durvalumab Total duration of treatment will be 12 months (at maximum...
The study's purpose is to see if the drug abemaciclib is safe and effective in combination with temozolomide and irinotecan (Part A) and abemaciclib in combination with temozolomide (Part B) in pediatric and young adult participants with relapsed/refractory solid tumors.
This research study involves an investigational product: Ad-RTS-hIL-12 given with veledimex for production of human IL-12. IL-12 is a protein that can improve the body's natural response to disease by enhancing the ability of the immune system to kill tumor cells and may interfere with blood flow to the tumor. The main purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and tolerability of a single tumor injection of Ad-RTS-hIL-12 given with oral veledimex in the pediatric population.
This study will evaluate the safety of BXQ-350 and determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) in children with newly diagnosed DIPG or DMG. All patients will receive BXQ-350 by intravenous (IV) infusion and radiation therapy. The study is divided into two parts: Part 1 will enroll patients at increasing dose levels of BXQ-350 in order to determine the MTD. Part 2 will enroll patients requiring a biopsy in order to assess BXQ-350 concentrations in the biopsied tumor.
This study is being done for the following reasons: The study has two parts. The purpose of the first part (Phase I) of the study is to find out the highest dose of Afatinib that can be given safely with T-DM1. The purpose of the second part of the study (Phase II) is to find out whether the dose of Afatinib with T-DM1 determined in Phase I will keep breast cancer from getting worse for a period of time.
This is an open-label, sequential dose exploration study of single agent EEDVSMit administered by intravenous (IV) infusion twice weekly, followed by weekly maintenance dosing, in children with recurrent/refractory solid or CNS tumours.
In this study, the investigators are testing improvement in survival outcomes in DIPG patients when stratified with MR perfusion score and treated with the said protocol. Newly diagnosed DIPG patients will undergo MRI perfusion study in addition to the usual MRI at diagnosis and will be stratified into hyperperfused or hypoperfused tumours. The hyperperfused patients will receive additional low dose Bevacizumab weekly with conventional standard radiotherapy. The hypo-perfused patients will receive ultra-low-dose radiotherapy fractionation equivalent to conventional RT biological dose.
This study will be a non-randomized phase II trial for patients with one to six brain metastases, at least one of which is appropriate for surgical resection. Upon registration, patients will be assigned to receive neo-adjuvant stereotactic radiosurgery (NASRS).