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Objective:Patients with asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic Stage IV EGFR-positive NSCLC with baseline intracranial metastases. Aim: To investigate the timing, efficacy and safety of radiotherapy in patients with EGFR positive brain metastases treated with armatinib alone or combined with stereotactic radiotherapy. Method: Almonertinib: specification 55mg/tablet; The dosage is 110 mg / day (2 tablets / day) orally once a day; SBRT: 3-5 doses of 27-40 Gy
CNS tumor requires biopsy for pathological diagnosis, which is known as the "golden standard". We would like to achieve automated classification of brain tumors based on deep learning in digital histopathology images and molecular pathology results. We expect to develop an assistant system (including software and hardware), to help pathologists during their diagnosis for CNS tumor.
A Phase 2 Study of ARX788 in HER2-positive, Metastatic Breast Cancer Patients whose Disease is resistant or refractory to Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI).
Arterial spin labeling (ASL) is a non-invasive MRI technique that could help the radiologists to distinguish brain metastasis progression versus radionecrosis following gamma-knife treatment. The primary target of the study is to establish the diagnostic performances (specificity, sensitivity) of quantitative measures of ASL in brain metastases suspected of progression/radionecrosis after GK treatment
ASCEND-BRAIN is a prospective, observational study aimed at early-detection of intracranial tumors by combined assays of cfDNA methylation and other biomarkers. The study will enroll approximately 358 participants including intracranial malignant tumors, patients with benign disorders of central nervous system and healthy participants.
Purpose of the study: AIM 1 Prospectively collect pre-operative (fMRI, DTI, MEG) and intra-operative mapping data in patients with intra-axial brain tumors to assess how well each modality predicts the location of eloquent brain function. In addition, each modality will be compared with the other. AIM 2 Assess reorganization of eloquent brain function and plasticity in patients with intra-axial brain tumors. This will be accomplished by prospectively collecting post-operative mapping studies and neuropsychological tests to compare them to prior mapping studies as stated above.
This trial gathers information from patients with primary central nervous system or base of skull tumors that receive proton beam therapy and see if certain imaging techniques can help detect radiation-related changes over time. This study may help providers learn more about proton beam radiotherapy and how to improve the way it is delivered.
This phase II trial studies the neurological function in patients with multiple brain metastases undergoing stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) or stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT). Stereotactic body radiation therapy uses special equipment to position a patient and deliver radiation to tumors with high precision. This method can kill tumor cells with fewer doses over a shorter period and cause less damage to normal tissue. Assessment of neurocognitive function may help show that SRS preserves neurological function in patients with multiple brain metastases better than SBRT.
Despite medical advances, cancer remains the leading cause of death by disease in children. Brain tumors are the second most common cause of cancer in children after leukemia, representing 25% of pediatric cancers. The overall survival rate is about 50% with extremes ranging from less than 5% to more than 90% depending on the histological type of brain tumor. The end of life of children with a brain tumor is marked by the possibility of discomfort symptoms, painful or not, and by a progressive neurological deterioration, which makes the management of these children complex for both families and health professionals. ...
The spread of cancer to the brain is referred to as brain metastases. Brain metastases are a common complication of cancer. This study is being done to determine whether the use of a new imaging agent, 18F-fluciclovine, is able to detect which patients are responding to radiation therapy. In addition, this study will look at the changes of the treated brain metastases using this imaging agent over time.