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A Study of BXQ-350 in Children With Newly Diagnosed Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma (DIPG) or Diffuse Midline Glioma (DMG)

Study Purpose

This study will evaluate the safety of BXQ-350 and determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) in children with newly diagnosed DIPG or DMG. All patients will receive BXQ-350 by intravenous (IV) infusion and radiation therapy. The study is divided into two parts: Part 1 will enroll patients at increasing dose levels of BXQ-350 in order to determine the MTD. Part 2 will enroll patients requiring a biopsy in order to assess BXQ-350 concentrations in the biopsied tumor.

Recruitment Criteria

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms

No
Study Type

An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.


An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.


Searching Both is inclusive of interventional and observational studies.

Interventional
Eligible Ages 1 Year - 30 Years
Gender All
More Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Each subject must meet the following criteria: 1. Provide signed, written informed consent prior to the initiation of any study-specific procedures (consent from guardians for minor children and patient assent according to institution and Institutional Review Board (IRB) standards) 2. Age ≥ 1 year of age and ≤ 30 years of age at the time of study entry. 3. Have radiographically suspected or histologically confirmed newly diagnosed DIPG or DMG with the following defining disease characteristics/features:
  • - Part 1 and Part 2: - DIPG: radiographic imaging showing a diffuse expansion of the brainstem/pons by a tumor that is poorly defined but abnormally bright in signal on T2-weighted images and abnormally dark on T1-weighted images; contrast enhancement, when present, is typically mild; there may be some indication of necrosis, and the basilar artery is commonly engulfed by tumor.
  • - DMG: the same imaging characteristics as noted above for DIPG are present, but the lesion can extend superiorly up into the midbrain and thalami, and/or inferiorly to the medulla.
  • - In cases of disease that is not classic for DIPG or DMG, biopsy may be necessary in order to obtain histological confirmation of eligibility.
  • - Part 2: newly-diagnosed DIPG or DMG planning to undergo biopsy at the recommendation of the treating physician; to be considered evaluable for PK tissue concentration analysis, tumor samples must have at least 50% viable tumor cells with <30% necrosis or hemorrhage as determined by the study neuropathologist.
4. If receiving glucocorticoid therapy: dexamethasone allowed with maximum allowable dose 16mg/day. 5. Have measurable or non-measurable disease per RANO criteria. 6. Have Lansky (age 1
  • - 15) / Karnofsky (age ≥ 16) Performance Score of ≥ 50% or Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status (age ≥ 18) of 0 - 2.
  • - Subjects unable to walk because of paralysis, but who can sit without assistance/restraint and control a wheelchair, will be considered ambulatory for the purpose of assessing the performance score.
7. Have acceptable liver function defined as:
  • - Total serum bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x upper limit of normal for the study site (ULN) (in subjects with known Gilbert Syndrome, total bilirubin ≤ 3 x ULN, with direct bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN) - Aspartate Transaminase (AST), Serum Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminase (SGOT), Alanine Transaminase (ALT), Serum Glutamic-Pyruvic Transamine (SGPT) ≤ 3 x ULN (if liver metastases are present, then ≤ 5 x ULN is allowed) - Serum albumin ≥ 3 grams/deciliter (g/dL) 8.
Have acceptable renal function defined as:
  • - Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) ≥70 milliliters (mL)/min/1.73 meters squared (m2) or a serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows: 1 to < 2 years: 0.6 (male); 0.6 (female) 2 to < 6 years: 0.8 (male); 0.8 (female) 6 to < 10 years: 1 (male); 1 (female) 10 to < 13 years: 1.2 (male); 1.2 (female) 13 to < 16 years: 1.5 (male); 1.4 (female) - 16 years: 1.7 (male);1.4 (female) - Threshold creatinine values derived from the Schwartz formula for estimating GFR utilizing child length and stature data published by the Center for Disease Control (Schwartz 2009) 9.
Have acceptable bone marrow function defined as:
  • - Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1,500 cells/ cubic millimeter (mm3) - Platelet count ≥ 100,000 cells/mm3 (unsupported, no transfusion within 7 days of enrollment) - Hemoglobin > 9.0 g/dL (unsupported, no transfusion within 7 days of enrollment) 10.
Have acceptable coagulation parameters (anti-coagulation allowed) defined as:
  • - International normalized ratio (INR) ≤ 2 x ULN unless on anticoagulation or prothrombin time (PT) within normal limits.
  • - Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) within normal limits.
11. Have a negative serum pregnancy test result at screening (for females of child bearing potential (FCBP); not applicable to subjects who are unable to become pregnant, including those with tubal ligation, bilateral oophorectomy and/or hysterectomy, post-menopausal is defined as > 12 months since last menstrual cycle) 12. FCBP and male subjects whose sexual partner(s) are FCBP must agree to abstain from heterosexual activity or use a double barrier method of contraception (e.g., condom and occlusive cap with spermicide) or highly effective contraception (intrauterine device or system, established hormonal contraceptive methods on a stable dose from the time of the last menstrual cycle, or vasectomized partner with confirmed azoospermia) from the time of study entry to 1 month after the last day of treatment.

Exclusion Criteria:

Subjects must not meet any of the following criteria: 1. Have a concurrent or secondary malignancy. 2. Have a low-grade glioma (Grade II or less) 3. Have received prior treatment with radiation, chemotherapy, anti-neoplastic, or investigational agents. 4. Have had major surgery other than a minor outpatient procedure within 28 days prior to dose assignment or have not recovered from major side effects of the surgery if more than 4 weeks have elapsed since surgery. 5. Have poorly controlled hypertension despite the use of antihypertensive agents defined as blood pressure ≥95th percentile for age and weight or >160/90 on at least 2 repeated determinations on separate days within 2 weeks (14 days) prior to initiation of screening. 6. Have a history of cardiac dysfunction including:
  • - myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to initiation of screening.
  • - history of documented congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association functional classification III-IV) within 6 months prior to initiation of screening.
  • - active cardiomyopathy.
  • - electrocardiogram (ECG) with QTc >470 msec at screening.
  • - echocardiogram with ejection fraction <50% or a decrease in the left ventricular shortening fraction to <27% 7.
Have a known history of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) seropositivity. 8. Have active (acute or chronic) or uncontrolled severe infections. 9. Have active poor wound healing (delayed healing, wound infection or fistula) 10. Have evidence of active clinically significant bleed (e.g., gastrointestinal bleed, hemoptysis, or gross hematuria) at screening. 11. Are pregnant or nursing, where pregnancy is defined as the state of a female after conception and until the termination of gestation, confirmed by a positive serum human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) laboratory test. 12. Have a known sensitivity to any component of BXQ-350. 13. Have other concurrent severe and/or uncontrolled medical condition that would, in the Principal Investigator's judgment contraindicate the subject's participation in the clinical study or obscure assessment of toxicity

Trial Details

Trial ID:

This trial id was obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.

NCT04771897
Phase

Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.

Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.

Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.

Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.

Phase 1
Lead Sponsor

The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.

Bexion Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Principal Investigator

The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.

N/A
Principal Investigator Affiliation N/A
Agency Class

Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.

IndustryOther
Overall Status Recruiting
Countries United States
Conditions

The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.

Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma, Diffuse Midline Glioma, H3 K27M-Mutant
Additional Details

BXQ-350 is a novel anti-neoplastic therapeutic agent configured from two components: Saposin C (SapC), an expressed (human) lysosomal protein, and the phospholipid dioleoylphosphatidyl-serine (DOPS), a cell membrane phospholipid (clinical formulation BXQ-350). Given via intravenous IV, data indicate that the agent exhibits the propensity to enter the body and brain, target cells in the tumor mass, and induce cell death. DIPG and DMG present a treatment dilemma due to resistance to standard therapy (radiotherapy) and aggressive clinical course. The use of BXQ-350 provides a novel approach to the treatment of cancer through interaction with the cancer cell membrane. This drug appears to be well tolerated in previous clinical trials, and in combination with the standard of care radiation therapy, may help improve overall survival in these patients. The study is divided into 2 parts: Part 1: Dose Escalation and Safety

  • - Sequential cohorts of patients 1-30 years of age with newly diagnosed DIPG or DMG will be treated with escalating doses of BXQ-350 until the MTD is established, or in the absence of a Maximum Administered Dose, the highest planned dose level is reached.
Part 2: BXQ-350 Tumor and Plasma Concentrations
  • - Patients undergoing neurosurgical biopsy prior to receiving radiation therapy will be enrolled and receive BXQ-350 at the MTD determined in Part 1, or at the highest planned dose level, and radiation therapy.
Excised tumor tissue will be evaluated for SapC levels and pharmacodynamic effects.

Arms & Interventions

Arms

Experimental: Part 1 Dose Escalation: Safety and Tolerance

Sequential cohorts of patients with newly diagnosed DIPG or DMG will be treated with escalating doses of BXQ-350 until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is established, or in the absence of a maximum administered dose (MAD), the highest planned dose level is reached and radiation therapy.

Experimental: Part 2 BXQ-350 Tumor and Plasma Concentrations

Newly diagnosed DIPG or DMG patients undergoing neurosurgical biopsy prior to receiving radiation therapy will receive BXQ-350 at the MTD established in Part 1, or the highest planned dose level, and radiation therapy. Excised tumor tissue and plasma samples will be evaluated for SapC levels and pharmacodynamic effects.

Interventions

Drug: - BXQ-350 - Part 1 Dose Escalation: Safety and Tolerance

BXQ-350 is a novel anti-neoplastic therapeutic agent configured from two components: Saposin C (SapC), an expressed (human) lysosomal protein, and the phospholipid dioleoylphosphatidyl-serine (DOPS), a phospholipid located on cell membranes (clinical formulation BXQ-350). During Part 1, BXQ-350 will be administered by intravenous (IV) infusion over twelve months.

Drug: - BXQ-350 - Part 2 BXQ-350 Tumor and Plasma Concentrations

BXQ-350 is a novel anti-neoplastic therapeutic agent configured from two components: Saposin C (SapC), an expressed (human) lysosomal protein, and the phospholipid dioleoylphosphatidyl-serine (DOPS), a phospholipid located on cell membranes (clinical formulation BXQ-350). During Part 2, BXQ-350 will be administered by intravenous (IV) infusion over twelve months.

Contact a Trial Team

If you are interested in learning more about this trial, find the trial site nearest to your location and contact the site coordinator via email or phone. We also strongly recommend that you consult with your healthcare provider about the trials that may interest you and refer to our terms of service below.

Children's Hospital Colorado, Aurora, Colorado

Status

Recruiting

Address

Children's Hospital Colorado

Aurora, Colorado, 80045

Cincinnati, Ohio

Status

Recruiting

Address

Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

Cincinnati, Ohio, 45226

Site Contact

Clinical Trial Office

cancer@cchmc.org

513-636-2799

Nationwide Children's, Columbus, Ohio

Status

Recruiting

Address

Nationwide Children's

Columbus, Ohio, 43205

Site Contact

Melinda Triplet, RN

Melinda.Triplet@nationwidechildrens.org

614-722-6039