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TKIs vs. Pertuzumab in HER2+ Breast Cancer Patients With Active Brain Metastases (HER2BRAIN)

Study Purpose

This is a prospective, randomized, 2-arm, Phrase 2, superiority and multicenter study to compare the efficiency of Anti-HER2 TKI versus Pertuzumab in Combination With Dose-dense Trastuzumab and Taxane in HER2-positive breast cancer patients with active refractory brain metastases.

Recruitment Criteria

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms

No
Study Type

An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.


An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.


Searching Both is inclusive of interventional and observational studies.

Interventional
Eligible Ages 18 Years - 75 Years
Gender Female
More Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

1. Patients provided written informed consent. 2. Women aged 18-75 years. 3. Histologically or cytologically confirmed HER2-positive (IHC 3+ or ISH+) breast cancer. 4. Patients of HER2 positive breast cancer with a documented central nervous system (CNS) recurrence/progression (by imaging) during or after Trastuzumab based therapy. 5. At least one measurable and progressive lesion in the CNS (≥10 mm on T1-weighted, gadolinium-enhanced MRI) 6. Previous treatment with HER2 inhibitors to be discontinued prior to first study treatment administration (at least 14 days for trastuzumab and other antibodies, at least 7 days for lapatinib) 7. Previous chemotherapy and hormonal therapy (adjuvant and metastatic regimens) allowed, but chemotherapy must have been discontinued at least 14 days and hormonal therapy at least 7 days prior to first study treatment administration. 8. Prior surgery, whole brain radiotherapy or stereotactic radiosurgery allowed provided that there is unequivocal evidence of one or more new and/or progressive brain metastases after completion of whole brain radiotherapy or stereotactic radiosurgery. 9. Previous radiotherapy allowed, but radiotherapy must have been discontinued at least 14 days prior to first study treatment administration. 10. Normal cardiac function. 11. Patients must have recovered to baseline condition or to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 5.0 grade = 1 from any acute CTCAE v. 5.0 grade =2 side effects of previous treatments. 12. Without infection of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) on central laboratory assay results prior to randomization. 13. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) /= 30g/L. 18. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance score of 0 to 1. 19. A life expectancy of at least 1 month. 20. Women of child-bearing age should take effective contraceptive measures. 21. Serum total bilirubin (TBil) /= 3×109/L, Blood neutrophil count >/= 1×109/L, Platelet count >/= 100×109/L, HB >/= 9 g/dL.

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Lack of histological or cytological confirmation of HER2-positive (IHC 3+ or ISH-positive) breast cancer. 2. Cerebral hernia. 3. Need radiotherapy or surgery immediately. 4. Active cerebral infarction or hemorrhage. 5. Only meningeal metastasis. 6. Earlier exposure to doxorubicin or pirarubicin at a dosage of more than 360 mg/m2. 7. Earlier exposure to epirubicin at a dosage of more than 900 mg/m2. 8. Prior treatment with HER2-tyrosine kinase inhibitors. 9. Treatment with trastuzumab emtansine within 6 months. 10. Any other current malignancy or malignancy diagnosed within the past five years (other than carcinoma in situ or stage Ia carcinoma of the cervix, skin basal cell carcinoma and papillary thyroid carcinoma at early stage) 11. Active infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prior to first study treatment administration. 12. History of participating any other clinical trials within 30 days prior to randomization. 13. Known hypersensitivity (Grade 3 or 4) to any of the trial drugs. 14. Pregnancy or lactation. 15. Current severe systemic disease (for example, clinically significant cardiovascular, pulmonary, or renal disease) 16. Legal incompetence or limitation. 17. Considered unable to complete the study or sign the informed consent due to a medical or mental disorder by the investigator.

Trial Details

Trial ID:

This trial id was obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.

NCT04760431
Phase

Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.

Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.

Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.

Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.

Phase 2
Lead Sponsor

The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.

Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University
Principal Investigator

The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.

Xuexin He, MD
Principal Investigator Affiliation Second Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University, School of Medicine
Agency Class

Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.

OtherOtherOtherOther
Overall Status Not yet recruiting
Countries China
Conditions

The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.

HER2-positive Breast Cancer, Brain Metastases
Additional Details

This is a prospective, randomized, 2-arm, Phrase 2, superiority and multicenter study. HER2-positive breast cancer patients with active refractory brain metastases are included. There will be two group: Group A (Trastuzumab, Taxanes and Pertuzumab) and Group B (Trastuzumab, Taxanes and TKIs). The primary outcome is objective response rate (ORR).

Arms & Interventions

Arms

Active Comparator: Group A

Trastuzumab, Taxanes and Pertuzumab

Experimental: Group B

Trastuzumab, Taxanes and TKIs

Interventions

Drug: - Trastuzumab

8 mg/kg loading dose for Cycle 1, followed by 6 mg/kg for subsequent cycles, administered by IV infusion every week until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, withdrawal of consent, or study termination.

Drug: - Taxanes

Docetaxel: 75 mg/m2, administered by IV infusion every 3 weeks Paclitaxel: 175 mg/m2, administered by IV infusion every 3 weeks Paclitaxel (Albumin bound): 260 mg/m2, administered by IV infusion every 3 weeks Paclitaxel Liposome: 135-175 mg/m2, administered by IV infusion every 3 weeks

Drug: - Pertuzumab

840 milligrams (mg) loading dose of pertuzumab, followed every 3 weeks thereafter by a dose of 420 mg via intravenous (IV) infusion until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, withdrawal of consent, or study termination.

Drug: - Tyrosine kinase inhibitor

Pyrotinib: 400mg po within 30 minutes after a meal, QD, every 3 weeks Neratinib: 240mg po QD, every 3 weeks Tucatinib: 300mg po Q12H

Contact a Trial Team

If you are interested in learning more about this trial, find the trial site nearest to your location and contact the site coordinator via email or phone. We also strongly recommend that you consult with your healthcare provider about the trials that may interest you and refer to our terms of service below.

International Sites

Peking University International Hospital, Beijing, Beijing, China

Status

Address

Peking University International Hospital

Beijing, Beijing, 102206

Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China

Status

Address

Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center

Guangzhou, Guangdong, 510000

Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China

Status

Address

First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University, School of Medicine

Hangzhou, Zhejiang, 310000

Site Contact

Haiyan Wei, MD

xuexinhe@zju.edu.cn

18329139569