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ASTX727 in Recurrent/Progressive Non-enhancing IDH Mutant Gliomas

Study Purpose

this research study is evaluating the highest dose of ASTX727 that can be administered safely to recurrent/progressive non-enhancing IDH mutant gliomas patients.

Recruitment Criteria

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms

No
Study Type

An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.


An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.


Searching Both is inclusive of interventional and observational studies.

Interventional
Eligible Ages 18 Years and Over
Gender All
More Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • - Participants must be ≥18 years of age.
  • - Participants must have histologically or cytologically confirmed glioma, with documented IDH1 and/or IDH2 gene-mutation.
  • - Participants must have radiographic evidence of non-enhancing disease progression/recurrence per RANO criteria for low grade gliomas (LGG).
  • - Patients who have received prior treatment with chemotherapy, radiation, or a combination of both are eligible.
Also, patients who have not received any prior treatment for their glioma are also eligible.
  • - Participants must be ≥12 weeks from completion of radiation.
  • - Participants must have a baseline brain MRI scan within 28 days prior to Day 1 of treatment.
  • - Participants must be on a stable or decreasing dose of glucocorticoids for 7 days prior to registration.
  • - Participants must have archived primary tumor biopsies or surgical specimens for additional exploratory translational studies.
At least 100-micron length of FFPE tissue or a tissue block should be available for enrollment and for shipment to the Sponsor, or a laboratory designated by the Principal Investigator. If less material is available, participants could still be eligible after discussion with the Principal Investigator who will assess and confirm that there is sufficient material for key evaluations.
  • - Participants must be able to understand and willing to sign an informed consent.
A legally authorized representative may consent on behalf of a participant who is otherwise unable to provide informed consent, if acceptable to and approved by the site and/or site's Institutional Review Board (IRB)/Independent Ethics Committee (IEC).
  • - Participants must have KPS ≥ to 70.
  • - Participants must have expected survival of ≥ 6 months.
  • - Participants must have adequate bone marrow function as evidenced by: - Leukocytes ≥ 3,000/mcL.
  • - Absolute neutrophil count ≥1500/mcL; - Hemoglobin ≥10 g/dL.
  • - Platelets ≥100,000/mcL.
  • - Participants must have adequate hepatic function as evidenced by: - Serum total bilirubin ≤1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN), unless considered due to Gilbert's disease.
  • - Aspartate aminotransferase (AST), Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) ≤3.0 x ULN.
  • - Participants must have adequate renal function as evidenced by: - Serum creatinine ≤2.0 x ULN.
  • - OR Creatinine clearance >40 mL/min based on the Cockroft-Gault glomerular filtration rate (GFR) estimation: (140 - Age) × (weight in kg) × (0.85 if female)/72 × serum creatinine.
  • - Participants must be recovered from any clinically relevant toxic effects of any prior surgery, radiotherapy, or other therapy intended for the treatment of cancer.
(Participants with residual Grade 1 toxicity due to prior chemotherapy are allowed).
  • - Female participants with reproductive potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 14 days prior to the first study drug administration.
Participants with reproductive potential are defined as sexually mature women who have not undergone a hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy or tubal occlusion or who have not been naturally postmenopausal (i.e., who have not menstruated at all) for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., have had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months). Women with reproductive potential as well as fertile men and their partners who are female with reproductive potential must agree to abstain from sexual intercourse or to use 2 effective forms of contraception from the time of giving informed consent, during the study, and for 90 days (females and males) following the last dose of ASTX727.
  • - Participants enrolling in the expansion cohort (Arm B) must meet all of the above criteria and must have surgically accessible tumors and be surgical candidates.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • - Participants with enhancing disease on brain MRI.
  • - Participants who received systemic anticancer therapy <28 days prior to registration.
One exception: participants on lomustine/CCNU must wait at least 42 days from last date of drug administration to registration.
  • - Participants who received an investigational agent <14 days prior to registration.
In addition, the first dose of ASTX727 should not occur before a period ≥5 half-lives of the investigational agent has elapsed.
  • - Participants with prior treatment with bevacizumab (Avastin) are excluded.
  • - Participants who are pregnant or breast-feeding.
  • - Participants with an active severe infection that requires anti-infective therapy or with an unexplained fever >38.5°C during screening visits or on their first day of study drug administration.
  • - Participants with known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment within 2 years of start of study drug.
Exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, in situ cervical cancer that has undergone potentially curative therapy, or surgically treated prostate cancer.
  • - Participants with known hypersensitivity to any of the components of ASTX727.
  • - Participants with a history of myocardial infarction within the 6 months prior to screening.
  • - Participants with a known history of severe and/or uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmias.
  • - Participants with QTc interval ≥450 msec or with other factors that significantly increase the risk of QT prolongation or arrhythmic events (e.g., family history of long QT interval syndrome).
  • - Participants with known infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or active hepatitis B or C.
  • - Participants with any other medical or psychological condition, deemed by the Investigator to be likely to interfere with a participant's ability to sign informed consent, cooperate, or participate in the study.
  • - Participants with known dysphagia, short-gut syndrome, gastroparesis, or other conditions that limit the ingestion or gastrointestinal absorption of drugs administered orally.
  • - Participants with evidence of intracranial or intratumoral hemorrhage either by MRI or CT scan.
Participants with resolving post-surgical changes, punctate/micro-hemorrhage, or hemosiderin are eligible. - Participants enrolling in the expansion cohort will be excluded is they are deemed by the treating physician or surgeon not to be suitable for surgery

Trial Details

Trial ID:

This trial id was obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.

NCT03922555
Phase

Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.

Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.

Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.

Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.

Phase 1
Lead Sponsor

The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.

Massachusetts General Hospital
Principal Investigator

The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.

Isabel Arrillaga-Romany
Principal Investigator Affiliation Massachusetts General Hospital
Agency Class

Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.

OtherIndustry
Overall Status Recruiting
Countries United States
Conditions

The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.

Neurological Cancer
Additional Details

This research study is a Phase I clinical trial, which tests the safety of an investigational drug and also tries to define the appropriate dose of the investigational drug to use for further studies. "Investigational" means that the drug is being studied. The FDA (the U.S. Food and Drug Administration) has not approved ASTX727 as a treatment for any disease. ASTX727 is made up of the 2 study drugs cedazuridine and decitabine. Cedazuridine is believed to work by slowing down how fast decitabine is broken down by the body. Decitabine is believed to work by blocking abnormal cells or cancer cells from growing.

Arms & Interventions

Arms

Experimental: ASTX727 (Cedazuridine + Cytidine Antimetabolite Decitabine)

-ASTX727 administered orally for 5 or 6 consecutive days every 28d cycle and will de-escalate to 4 consecutive days every 28 d cycle.

Experimental: Expansion Cohort

Oral ASTX727 will be administered daily for 4, 5 or 6 consecutive days Surgical resection will take place 12 days (+/- 1 day) after initiation of treatment

Interventions

Drug: - ASTX727

ASTX727 is made up of the 2 study drugs cedazuridine and decitabine. Cedazuridine is believed to work by slowing down how fast decitabine is broken down by the body. Decitabine is believed to work by blocking abnormal cells or cancer cells from growing.

Contact a Trial Team

If you are interested in learning more about this trial, find the trial site nearest to your location and contact the site coordinator via email or phone. We also strongly recommend that you consult with your healthcare provider about the trials that may interest you and refer to our terms of service below.

Boston, Massachusetts

Status

Recruiting

Address

Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center

Boston, Massachusetts, 02114

Site Contact

Isabel Arrillaga-Romany, MD

iarrillaga@mgh.harvard.edu

617-724-4000

Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts

Status

Recruiting

Address

Brigham and Women's Hospital

Boston, Massachusetts, 02115

Site Contact

Ugonma Chukwueke, MD

Uchukwueke@partners.org

617-724-4000

Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts

Status

Recruiting

Address

Dana Farber Cancer Institute

Boston, Massachusetts, 02115

Site Contact

Ugonma Chukwueke, MD

Uchukwueke@partners.org

617-724-4000