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Advanced MRI for Posterior Fossa Tumours

Study Purpose

Post-operative paediatric cerebellar mutism syndrome (pCMS) is a well-recognised complication of resective surgery for brain tumours of the cerebellum and fourth ventricle in children. Occurring in around 25% of infratentorial craniotomies, it is characterised by a delayed onset of mutism and emotional lability, and may comprise motoric and cognitive cerebellar deficits. Transient mutism gives way to prolonged, and often incomplete, recovery. Neuroimaging studies are beginning to reveal anatomical and functional aberrancies in the brain of children with pCMS. The cerebellar efferent pathways are likely to be implicated as a neuroanatomical substrate in the development of pCMS, as shown by a handful of diffusion tractography studies to date. However, the pathophysiology of this condition still remains unclear. Hypoperfusion of supratentorial cortical and subcortical structures may mediate the speech and behavioural deficits seen in pCMS, and is a candidate for a causal pathophysiological mechanism. This study aims to prospectively image children with pCMS using advanced MRI techniques including diffusion tractography and arterial spin labelling, and to correlate this with clinical descriptions of the syndrome. All children referred to Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children with a posterior fossa brain tumour will be imaged pre-operatively, post-operatively and at delayed follow-up. In tandem with this, clinical assessments will be made of children post-operatively to ascertain which patients develop pCMS. In addition, anonymised advanced MRI data on healthy controls will be used as a comparator group.

Recruitment Criteria

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms

Study Type

An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.

An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.

Searching Both is inclusive of interventional and observational studies.

Eligible Ages N/A - 18 Years
Gender All
More Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Age <18 Referred and operated upon within study period Brain tumour of cerebellum, IVth ventricle, brainstem undergoing craniotomy for resection (including re-do surgery) No restrictions as to tumour histology or grade (embryonal tumour / glioma / ependymoma) Informed consent given by parents

Exclusion Criteria:

Non-neoplastic infratentorial lesions Claustrophobia Contraindication to MRI Pregnant female Scans missing at >2 timepoints Tumour resection surgery at another hospital if no pre- or post-operative scans available

Trial Details

Trial ID:

This trial id was obtained from, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.


Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.

Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.

Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.

Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.

Lead Sponsor

The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.

Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust
Principal Investigator

The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.

Chris Clark, PhDKristian Aquilina, MD, FRCSSebastian M Toescu, MBChB (Hons)
Principal Investigator Affiliation University College London Institute of Child HealthGreat Ormond Street HospitalUniversity College London Institute of Child Health
Agency Class

Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.

Overall Status Recruiting
Countries United Kingdom

The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.

Cerebellar Mutism, Posterior Fossa Syndrome
Arms & Interventions


: pCMS+

Children undergoing infratentorial craniotomy for brain tumour resection whom develop pCMS will undergo pre-, post-operative and delayed follow-up advanced MRI sequences

: pCMS-

Children undergoing infratentorial craniotomy for brain tumour resection whom do not develop pCMS will undergo pre-, post-operative and delayed follow-up advanced MRI sequences

: Controls

Healthy control children whom have never undergone intracranial surgery have had advanced MRI sequences acquired


Diagnostic Test: - Advanced MRI sequences

Structural, diffusion and perfusion MRI sequences

Contact a Trial Team

If you are interested in learning more about this trial, find the trial site nearest to your location and contact the site coordinator via email or phone. We also strongly recommend that you consult with your healthcare provider about the trials that may interest you and refer to our terms of service below.

International Sites

London, United Kingdom




Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children

London, , WC1N 3JH

Site Contact

Sebastian M Toescu